Malaysian Applied Biology Journal

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Malays. Appl. Biol. (2005) 34(1): 53-57

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Malays. Appl. Biol. (2005) 34(1): 53-57

BIRD SURVEY IN VEGETATED AREAS AROUND KUALA LUMPUR INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT (KLIA)

ISMAIL, A.* and SYAIZWAN, Z.Z.

Biology Department, Faculty of Science, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 Serdang, Selangor

ABSTRACT

Kuala Lumpur International Airport (KLIA) was built on a site that was primarily a peat swamp forest, part of which had already been converted to oil palm and rubber plantations. Beginning in 1992, it was changed into an area of modern infrastructures, highways and open landscapes. The changes in the environment have altered the diversity of vertebrate populations including birds. Reports have highlighted that the threat of busy airport and birds' population, and the tendency of birds using airports for feeding, roosting and nesting activities have resulted in risks of bird strikes. This creates an important safety issue for any airport. Therefore, a survey of the bird species in vegetated areas around KLIA was carried out and a total of 56 bird species from 27 families were identified. Of these, 40 species were resident species, 11 were migrant species and the remaining 5 species were both resident and migrant. Shannon-Wiener Index shows, H' - 3.14 (with n = 874) for year 2002 and as for year 1996, the H' - 3.13 (with n = 1307). Ten species of birds were common in the vegetated areas around KLIA. Increasing bird population in the airport area will increase the chances of bird strikes.

ABSTRAK

Kawasan pembinaan Lapangan Terbang Antarabangsa Kuala Lumpur (KLIA) asalnya adalah sebuah hutan paya gambut, yang kemudiannya telah ditukarkan menjadi kawasan tanaman kelapa sawit dan getah. la telah ditukarkan kepada satu kawasan yang mempunyai infrastruktur moden, lebuh raya dan lanskap terbuka bermula pada tahun 1992. Perubahan-perubahan di persekitaran telah mengubah kepelbagaian populasi vertebrata termasuk burung. Kajian telah menunjukkan ancaman sebuah lapangan terbang yang sibuk dengan populasi burung dan kecenderungan burung-burung menggunakan kawasan lapangan terbang sebagai tempat mencari makanan, berehat dan bersarang akan menyebabkan risiko perlanggaran burung serta mewujudkan suatu isu keselamatan yang penting bagi sesebuah lapangan terbang. Oleh itu, satu tinjauan terhadap spesies burung di kawasan di sekitar KLIA telah dilakukan dan sejumlah 56 spesies burung dari 27 famili telah dikenal pasti. Dari jumlah itu, 40 spesies adalah spesies tempatan. 11 adalah spesies berhijrah dan baki 5 spesies adalah kedua-dua spesies tempatan dan berhijrah. Indeks Kepelbagaian Shannon-Wiener menunjukkan, H' = 3.14 (n = 874) bagi tahun 2002, manakala bagi tahun 1996 pula, H' = 3.13 (n = 1307). Sepuluh spesies burung didapati wujud di semua kawasan bertumbuhan. Peningkatan populasi burung menggunakan sesebuah lapangan terbang akan meningkatkan kemungkinan perlanggaran burung untuk berlaku.

Key words: bird strike, airport, landscape, resident and migratory species

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