Malaysian Applied Biology Journal

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Malays. Appl. Biol. (December 2003) 32(2): 9-18

DIFFERENT SOFT TISSUES OF THE GREEN-LIPPED MUSSEL

PERNA VIRIDIS (LINNAEUS) AS BIOMONITORING AGENTS

OF COPPER: FIELD AND LABORATORY STUDIES

YAP*, C.K., ISMAIL, A. and TAN, S.G.

Department of Biology, Faculty of Science and Environmental Studies,

Universiti Putra Malaysia, UPM,

43400 Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia.

ABSTRACT

The assessment of the green-lipped mussel Perna vlridis as a biomonitoring agent of Cu was conducted based on laboratory and field studies. Different rates of accumulation and depuration in different soft tissues (STs) are found and this mighi be due to different mechanisms of Cu binding and regulation. At the end of depuration, Cu levels in different STs of P. viridis were 2-10 times higher than those before exposure. The ratio of maximum to minimum of Cu levels (3-5), the positive patterns (although different rates) of accumulation and depuration in the different STs for Cu indicated that P. viridis is a good biomonitoring organism for Cu and our conclusion is also supported by the two field samples collected from contaminated and uncontaminated sites. The distribution of Cu in the STs indicated that some of the tissues could become better biomonitoring organs of Cu than total STs.

ABSTRAK

Penilaian kupang Perna viridis sebagai agen penunjuk biologi bagi kuprum telah ditentukan berdasarkan kajian makmal dan lapangan. Kadar akumulasi dan penyingkiran yang berlainan di pelbagai tisu lembut diperolehi dan ini mungkin disebabkan oleh mekanisma yang berlainan dalam ikatan dan regulasi kuprum. Pada akhir penyingkiran, tahap kuprum di tisu lembut yang berlainan bagi P. viridis adalah 2-10 kali lebih tinggi daripada yang sebelum pendedahan. Nisbah maksima kepada minima nilai kuprum (3-5), corak positif (walaupun kadar yang berlainan) bagi akumulasi dan penyingkiran di dalam tisu lembut yang berlainan bagi kuprum menunjukkan P. viridis adalah organism penunjuk biologi yang baik kepada kuprum dan kesimpulan ini disokongkan oleh sampel yang diperolehi daripada kawasan-kawasan tercemar dan tidak tercemar. Pembahagian kuprum di dalam tisu lembut menunjukkan sesetengah tisu mungkin boleh menjadi organ penunjuk biologi yang lebih baik daripada keseluruhan tisu lembut, kepada kuprum.

Key words: Perna viridis, Biomonitoring agent, Copper

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