Malaysian Applied Biology Journal

  • Increase font size
  • Default font size
  • Decrease font size

39-2-03

E-mail Print PDF

Malays. Appl. Biol. (2010) 39(2): 15-18

THE GILL OF PERNA VIRIDIS AS A MAJOR ROUTE ENTRY FOR Pb: A LABORATORY STUDY

YAP, C.K.*

Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Universiti Putra Malaysia, UPM, 43400 Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia. E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

ABSTRACT

The distribution and levels of Cd, Pb and Zn were determined in the gill and remaining soft tissues of Perna viridis under laboratory conditions based on sublethal concentrations of metals (Cd: 1.210 mg/L; Pb: 1.645 mg/L; Zn: 2.950 mg/L) for four days exposure, followed by four days elimination. The results showed that the concentrations of Pb were higher in the gill than those in the remaining soft tissues during exposure and elimination periods while Zn levels were only higher during exposure period. However, Cd levels were lower in the gills than in the remaining soft tissues during exposure and elimination periods These laboratory results indicated that gills are the major entry route for the Pb, and to a lesser extent for Zn but unlikely for Cd since the Cd in the gill was lower than in the remaining soft tissues. The present findings indicated that different routes of uptake for Cd, Pb and Zn in the different tissues of P. viridis regardless of the fact that gill having a large surface area with mucus sheets which could facilitated the metal uptake. Other organs than gill could be another route of uptake for Zn and Cd in P. viridis.

REFERRENCES


Bayne, B.L. 1993. Feeding physiology of bivalve: Time-dependence and compensation for changes in food availability. In: Bivalve Filter-feeders in Estuarine and Coastal Ecosystem Processes. R.F. Dame (Ed.). Springer-Verlag, Berlin. 1- 24pp.

Cajaraville, M.P., Marigomez, I. & Angulo, E. 1990- 1991. Light and electron microscope study of the gill epithelium of Littorina littorea (Gastropoda: Prosobranchia). Biological Structure and Morphology 3: 1-12.

Carpene, E. & George, S.G. 1981. Absorption of cadmium by gills of Mytilus edulis (L.). Molecular Physiology 1: 23-34.

Gundacker, C. 1999. Tissue-specific heavy metal (Cd, Pb, Cu, Zn) deposition in a natural population of the zebra mussel Dreissena polymorpha Pallas. Chemosphere 38: 3339- 3356.

Lakshmanan, P.T. & Nambisan, P.N.K. 1989. Bioaccumulation and depuration of some trace metals in the mussel Perna viridis (Linnaeus). Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 43: 131-138.

Sunila, I. 1986. Chronic histopathological effects of short-term copper and cadmium exposure on the gill of the mussel, Mytilus edulis. Journal of Invertebrate Pathology 47: 125-142.

Tessier, A. & Campell, P.G.C. 1987. Partitioning of trace metals in sediments: Relationship with bioavailability. Hydrobiologia 149: 43-52.

Viarengo, A., Palmero, S., Zanicchi, G., Capelli, R., Vaissiere, R. & Orunesu, M. 1985. Role of metallothioneins in Cu and Cd accumulation and elimination in the gill and digestive gland cells of Mytilus galloprovincialis (Lam.). Marine Environmental Research 16: 23-36.

Yang, M.S. & Thompson, J.A.J. 1996. Binding of endogenous copper and zinc to cadmium- induced proteins in various tissues of Perna viridis. Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 30: 267-273.

Yap, C.K., Ismail, A. & Tan, S.G. 2004. Laboratory studies on the tolerance and accumulation of cadmium, copper, lead and zinc by two different size groups of the green-lipped mussel Perna viridis (Linnaeus). Pertanika Journal of Science and Technology 12(2): 235-248.

Yap, C.K., Ismail, A., Omar, H. & Tan, S.G. 2003. Accumulation, depuration and distribution of cadmium and zinc in the green-lipped mussel Perna viridis(Linnaeus) under laboratory conditions. Hydrobiologia 498: 151-160.

Yap, C.K., Ismail, A., Rahim Ismail, A. & Tan, S.G. 2006. Biomonitoring of ambient concentrations of Cd, Cu, Pb and Zn in the coastal wetland water by using gills of the green-lipped mussel Perna viridis. Wetland Science 4(4): 247-252.
 

Latest MABJ Issue

Vol 48(3) June 2019

Table of content

Latest news!

Malaysian Applied Biology is listed in the databases and indexed in Thomson Reuters Master Journal List, Myjurnal, Biosis, Zoological Records, UDLedge Life Science Index, CNKI, J-Gate and CABI.

Malaysian Applied Biology is indexed in Scopus since issue 41(1) 2012.

According to MyCite 2014 report, MABJ ranked 95 out of 142 Malaysian journals in terms of yearly impact factor.