Malaysian Applied Biology Journal

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31-2-05

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Malays. Appl. Biol. (December 2002) 31(2): 37-45

CONDITION INDEX OF GREEN-LIPPED MUSSEL PERNA VIRIDIS (LINNAEUS) AS A POTENTIAL PHYSIOLOGICAL INDICATOR OF ECOTOXICOLOGICAL EFFECTS OF HEAVY METALS (Cd and Pb)

YAP, C. K.,* ISMAIL, A. and TAN, S. G.

Department of Biology, Faculty of Science and Environmental Studies, Universiti Putra Malaysia, UPM, 43400 Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia.

ABSTRACT

The relationship between Condition Index (CI) and accumulated concentrations of Cd and Pb were determined in field samples of the green-lipped mussel Perna viridis and under experimental conditions. The field samples included those from uncontaminated and contaminated sites. In the field samples, significant (P< 0.05) negative relationships between CI and metal concentrations were found. However, the results could also be due to variation in nutritional state and reproductive status of the mussels. To clarify these uncertainties, an experimental study was conducted and the results agreed with that found in the field samples. Therefore, the results indicated that if the heavy metal levels of the field collected mussels were significantly (P< 0.001) different, the influence of the nutritional and reproductive states would be masked by the ecotoxicological effects of heavy metal contamination, provided that mussels with similar size range were selected for the CI determination. The CI can be used to show that P. viridis is sensitive to Cd and Pb.


ABSTRAK

Hubungkait di antara 'Indeks Kondisi' (CI) dan pengumpulan penimbunan kepekatan bagi kadmium dan plumbum telah ditentukan di dalam kupang Perna viridis dari lapangan dan yang di bawah keadaan eksperimen. Sampel lapangan adalah daripada kawasan tidak tercemar dan yang tercemar. Di dalam sampel lapangan, hubungan negatif yang signifikan (P< 0.05) di antara CI dan kepekatan logam telah diperolehi. Akan tetapi, keputusan tersebut boleh juga disebabkan oleh perubahan keadaan nutrisi dan status pembiakan bagi kupang tersebut. Untuk menjelaskan lagi ketidakpastian tersebut, satu eksperimen telah dijalankan dan keputusan ini mempersetujui apa yang diperolehi di dalam sampel lapangan. Oleh demikian, keputusan ini menunjukkan sekiranya logam berat dalam kupang dari lokasi berlainan mempunyai tahap logam berat yang signifikan (P< 0.001), pengaruh disebabkan oleh nutrisi dan status pembiakan akan menjadi tidak penting disebabkan oleh pengaruh ekotoksikologi pencemaran logam berat yang lebih kuat, dengan syarat julat saiz kupang yang dipilih haruslah sama untuk penentuan CI. CI boleh digunakan untuk menunjukkan P. viridis adalah organism yang sensitif kepada kadmium dan plumbum.

Key words: Heavy Metals, Condition Index, Perna viridis, Peninsular Malaysia

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