Malaysian Applied Biology Journal

  • Increase font size
  • Default font size
  • Decrease font size

Malays. Appl. Biol. (2005) 34(1): 53-57

E-mail Print PDF


Malays. Appl. Biol. (2005) 34(1): 53-57



Biology Department, Faculty of Science, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 Serdang, Selangor


Kuala Lumpur International Airport (KLIA) was built on a site that was primarily a peat swamp forest, part of which had already been converted to oil palm and rubber plantations. Beginning in 1992, it was changed into an area of modern infrastructures, highways and open landscapes. The changes in the environment have altered the diversity of vertebrate populations including birds. Reports have highlighted that the threat of busy airport and birds' population, and the tendency of birds using airports for feeding, roosting and nesting activities have resulted in risks of bird strikes. This creates an important safety issue for any airport. Therefore, a survey of the bird species in vegetated areas around KLIA was carried out and a total of 56 bird species from 27 families were identified. Of these, 40 species were resident species, 11 were migrant species and the remaining 5 species were both resident and migrant. Shannon-Wiener Index shows, H' - 3.14 (with n = 874) for year 2002 and as for year 1996, the H' - 3.13 (with n = 1307). Ten species of birds were common in the vegetated areas around KLIA. Increasing bird population in the airport area will increase the chances of bird strikes.


Kawasan pembinaan Lapangan Terbang Antarabangsa Kuala Lumpur (KLIA) asalnya adalah sebuah hutan paya gambut, yang kemudiannya telah ditukarkan menjadi kawasan tanaman kelapa sawit dan getah. la telah ditukarkan kepada satu kawasan yang mempunyai infrastruktur moden, lebuh raya dan lanskap terbuka bermula pada tahun 1992. Perubahan-perubahan di persekitaran telah mengubah kepelbagaian populasi vertebrata termasuk burung. Kajian telah menunjukkan ancaman sebuah lapangan terbang yang sibuk dengan populasi burung dan kecenderungan burung-burung menggunakan kawasan lapangan terbang sebagai tempat mencari makanan, berehat dan bersarang akan menyebabkan risiko perlanggaran burung serta mewujudkan suatu isu keselamatan yang penting bagi sesebuah lapangan terbang. Oleh itu, satu tinjauan terhadap spesies burung di kawasan di sekitar KLIA telah dilakukan dan sejumlah 56 spesies burung dari 27 famili telah dikenal pasti. Dari jumlah itu, 40 spesies adalah spesies tempatan. 11 adalah spesies berhijrah dan baki 5 spesies adalah kedua-dua spesies tempatan dan berhijrah. Indeks Kepelbagaian Shannon-Wiener menunjukkan, H' = 3.14 (n = 874) bagi tahun 2002, manakala bagi tahun 1996 pula, H' = 3.13 (n = 1307). Sepuluh spesies burung didapati wujud di semua kawasan bertumbuhan. Peningkatan populasi burung menggunakan sesebuah lapangan terbang akan meningkatkan kemungkinan perlanggaran burung untuk berlaku.

Key words: bird strike, airport, landscape, resident and migratory species


Ariri, M.N. and B. Zainuddin. 1994. Bancian awal kepelbagaian spesis burung di tapak cadangan Lapangan Terbang Antarabangsa Kuala Lumpur (KLIA) dan kawasan sekitar Sepang Selangor Darul Ehsan. The Journal of Wildlife And Parks, 13:40-51.

Bibby, C.J., N.D. Burgess and D.A. Hill. 1992. Bird Census Techniques. Academic Press. London.251pp.

Cleary, E.G. 1998. A manual for airport personnel. Office of Airport Safety and Standards, Federal Aviation Administration, Washington D.C.

Cleary, E.G. and R.A. Dolbeer. 1999. Wildlife hazard management at airports: a manual for airport personnel. Federal Aviation Administration, Office of Airport Safety and Standards, Washington DC.

Cleary, E.G., S.E., Wright and R.A. Dolbeer. 1999. Wildlife strikes to civil aircraft in the United States, 1990-1998. Wildlife Aircraft Strike Database, Serial Report 5, Federal Aviation Administration, Office of Airport Safety and Standards, Washington DC.

Conover, M.R., W.C. Pitt, K.K. Kessler, T.J. Dubow and W.A. Sanborn. 1995. Review of data on human injuries, illnesses, and economic losses caused by wildlife in the United States. Wildlife Society Bulletin, 23: 407-414.

Ford, H.A. and G.W.H. Davison. 1995. Forest Avifauna of Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia and some other Forest Remnants in Selangor, Peninsular Malaysia. Malayan Nature Journal, 49: 117-138.

Glenister, A.G. 1971. The Birds of the Malay Peninsular, Singapore and Penang. Oxford University Press, London. 291pp.

Karim-Dakog, A., M. Sharim-Senik, A. Zubaid and G.W.H. Davison. 1997. Understory avifauna of UKM forest reserve, a fragmented and disturbed lowland rainforest. Malayan Nature Journal, 50: 337-346.

Linnell, M.A., M.R. Conover and T.J. Ohashi. 1996. Analysis of bird strikes at a tropical airport. Journal of Wildlife Management, 60: 935-945.

Robinson, M. 1996. The potential for significant financial loss resulting from bird strikes in or around an airport. Proceedings Bird Strike Committee Europe, 23: 353-367.

Smith, R.L. 1996. Ecology and Field Biology (5th Edition). Harper Collins, New York.

Solman, V.E.F. 1981. Birds and Aviation. Environmental Conservation, 8: 45-51.

Strange, M and A. Jeyarajasingam. 1999. Birds: A Photographic Guides to The Birds o) Peninsular Malaysia and Singapore. Sun Tree Publish (Singapore) Pte. Ltd. Singapore (242p)

Thorpe, J. 1996. Fatalities and destroyed civi' aircraft due to bird strikes, 1912-1995 Proceedings of Bird Strike Committee Europe 23: 17-32.



Latest MABJ Issue

Vol 50(1) June 2021


Table of content

Latest news!

Malaysian Applied Biology is listed in the databases and indexed in Web of Science Master Journal List, Elsevier, Mycite, Biosis, Zoological Records, UDLedge Life Science Index, CNKI, J-Gate and CABI.

Malaysian Applied Biology is indexed in Scopus since issue 41(1) 2012.

According to Scopus CiteScore 2020, MABJ ranks 165 out of 203 Malaysian journals in terms of yearly impact factor.

Scopus Citescore