Malaysian Applied Biology Journal

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Malays. Appl. Biol. (June 2004) 33(1): 83-92





YAP, C.K*, ISMAIL, A. and TAN, S.G.

Department of Biology, Faculty of Science,

Universiti Putra Malaysia, UPM, 43400 Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia. *E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it


The use of mussel shell has always been neglected in biomonitoring studies and it was reported that Zn is regulated in the soft tissue (ST) of Perna viridis. In this study, the potential of the shell as a biomonitoring material for Zn was determined. This is mainly based on the range of Zn concentrations found in field samples and the correlations of Zn levels between shells and the different geochemical fractions in the sediments. Based on P. viridis sampled from 13 sites of the coastal waters of Peninsular Malaysia, the distribution of the metal in the ST and in the shells ranged from 70 to 100 |ig/g and from 1.00 to 8.00 ng/g, respectively, while the range of the Zn shell weight index was found to be 5.80 to 12.5 Hg/g. The higher correlation coefficients (.R-values) between shell-geochemical fractions ('easily or freely teachable and exchangeable (EFLE)', 'acid-reducible', 'oxidisable-organic', 'nonresistant' and total Zn) of the sediments than between ST-geochemical fractions of sediments indicated that the shell could be used as a better biomonitoring material for Zn. The wider range of Zn levels in the shells and the closer correlations positively supported the use of the shell of P. viridis as a biomonitoring material for Zn.


Kegunaan cangkerang kupang dalam kerja pemantauan selalu diabaikan dan dilaporkan bahawa Zn diregulasi dalam tisu lembut Perna viridis. Dalam kajian ini, potensi cangkerang sebagai bahan pemantauan Zn telah ditentukan. In terutamanya berdasarkan julat kepekatan Zn yang diperolehi di sampel lapangan dan kolerasi bagi tahap Zn di antara cangkerang dan pelbagai fraksi geokimia di dalam sedimen. Berdasarkan kupang yang telah disampel daripada 13 lokasi di persisiran pantai Semenanjung Malaysia, kepekatan/sebaran Zn di dalam tisu lembut dan di dalam cangkerang masing-masing berjulat 70-100 |ig/g dan 1-8 Hg/g, sementara julat Zn bagi Zn cangkerang berat indeks didapati di antara 5.8-12.5 u,g/g. Korelasi koefisien (nilai R) yang lebih tinggi di antara cangkerang-fraksi geokimia di dalam sedimen daripada di antara tisu lembut-fraksi geokimia di dalam sedimen, menunjukkan cangkerang boleh digunakan sebagai bahan pemantauan Zn yang lebih baik. Julat Zn yang lebih luas di dalam cangkerang dan kolerasi yang lebih rapat menyokong secara positif kegunaan cangkerang kupang P. viridis sebagai bahan pemantauan bagi Zn.

Key words: Biomonitoring, Perna viridis, zinc, Peninsular Malaysia


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