Malaysian Applied Biology Journal

  • Increase font size
  • Default font size
  • Decrease font size

35-2-02

E-mail Print PDF
Malays. Appl. Biol. (2006) 35(2): 13–19

EFFECT OF THE REFRIGERATION OF COCOON ON THE FECUNDITY OF MOTH AND HATCHABILITY OF EGGS OF MULTIVOLTINE MULBERRY SILKWORM (BOMBYX MORI LINN.)

UPADHYAY, V.B.*, SINGH, R. and PRASAD, S.

Silkworm laboratory, Department of Zoology, D.D.U. Gorakhpur University, Gorakhpur – 273 009(U.P), India

ABSTRACT

The cold storage duration and prerefrigeration period of cocoon, both caused notable impact on the fecundity and hatching per cent of eggs. The egg laying capability and hatching per cent decreased with increasing duration of refrigeration at all the prerefrigeration periods. The egg laying capability of moth (385 ± 2.05) and hatching per cent of egg (95.83 ± 1.16) was maximum in case of untreated cocoon while both, the hatchability (40.36 ± 3.26) and fecundity (305 ± 4.24) were minimum in 2 days prerefrigerated cocoon, refrigerated for 30 days. The cocoon of Bombyx mori race Nistari may safely be refrigerated for 10 days without causing any notable decline in the feecundity of moth and hatching per cent of the eggs. Thus, it may solve the problem of sericulture industry regarding the safe post ponement of the emergence of moth with good status of fecundity and hatchability.


ABSTRAK

Tempoh simpanan dalam keadaan sejuk dan pra-penyejukan kokum menunjukan kesan yang nyata daripada segi kefekunan dan peratus telur yang menetas. Keupayaan bertelur dan peratus yang menetas berkurangan dengan peningkatan tempoh penyejukan pada semua fasa pra-penyejukan. Keupayaan bertelur rama-rama (358 ± 2.05) dan peratus telur yang menetas (95.83 ± 1.16) adalah maksimum pada kokun kawalan. Manakala dalam kokun yang di pra-sejukan untuk 2 hari dan disejukan selama 30 hari, jumlah yang menetas (40.36 ± 3.26) dan kefekunan (305 ± 4.24) adalah minima. Kokun Bombyx mori boleh disejukan selama 10 hari tanpa menjejaskan kefekunan dan penetasan. Hasil ini akan dapat membantu industri serikultur dalam usaha mengawal penetasan telur rama-rama ini.

Key words: Bombyx mori, Refrigeration, Prerefrigeration, Fecundity, Hatchability.

REFERRENCES

Andrewartha, H.G. and Birch, L.C. 1954. The distribution and abundance of animals. Univ. Ist. Ed. Chicago Press, U.S.A., 4(2): 1123- 1132.

Ayuzawa, Chihiro, Sekido Tessei Yamakawa, Kazuhiro, Sakurai, Kurata Wahei, Yaginuma, Tokoro Yoshinori. 1972. Agric. Tech. Manu Hand Book of silkworm rearing, Fuzi Publishing Co. Ltd., Tokyo, Japan, 225- 235.

Bhat 1968 Cited after Sidhu, N.S and Khan, A.A. (1968).

Bheemanna, C., Govindan, R., Ashoka, J. and Narayanswamy, T.K. 1989a. Effect of mulberry varieties on pupal and allied traits of some bivoltine silkworm races. Karnataka Journal of Agricultural Science, 2(3): 192 – 198.

Dutta, R.K., Sengupta, K. and Viswas, S.N. 1972. Studies on the preservation of multivoltine silkworm eggs at low temperature. Indian J. Seric., 2(1): 20 – 27.

Eidmann, H. 1929. Female reproductive system in Lepidoptera. Z. Angew. Entomon, 15: 1 – 66.

Goel, R.K., Goel, A.K.and Thangavelu, K. 1993. Effect of preservation period of seed cocoons and age of males on oviposition and fertilization in Oak tassar. J. Seric., 1(2): 39 – 44.

Govindan, R. and Narayanswamy, T.R. 1986. Influence of refrigeration of eggs of multivoltine silkworm, Bombyx mori L. at eye spot stage on rearing performance. Sericologia, 262: 151 – 155.

Govindan, R., Deviah, M.C., Rangaswamy, H.R. and Thupeswamy, C. 1980. Effect of refrigeration of eggs of eri silkworm, Samia cynthia ricini Boisd on hatching, Indian J. Seric., 19: 13 – 15.

Howe, R.H. 1967. The temperature effect on embryonic development in insect. Ann. Rev. Entomol., 12: 15–42.

Hurkadli, H.K. 1998. Hatching of silkworm eggs. Indian textile journal, 108(9): 72 – 74.

Ishikawa, S. and Hirao, T. 1961. Impulse discharges of efferent and afferent nerves in the nerve bundles from the 9th ganglion in the female moth of the silkworm, Bombyx mori. J. Seric. Japan, 30: 328 – 333.

J.V. 1980. Text book tropical sericulture Japan overseas cooperation volunteers. Hiroosibuya Ku, Tokyo, Japan, 4: 2-24.

Kamble, C.K. 1997. Fertility in Bombyx mori L. Indian Textile Journal, 108(2): 56 – 59.

Kovalev, P.A. 1970. Silkworm breeding stocks. Published by Central Silk Board, Bombay, Govt. of India, 112.

Krishaba, A.N. and Henneberry, T. J. 1966. Effect of cold storage on egg viability of cabbage looper and some aspects of the biology of Progeny survivorous. J. Econ. Ent., 59(5): 1169.

Krishnaswamy, S., Narasimhanna, M.N., Suryanaryan, S.K. and Kumar Raja, S. 1973. Sericulture Manual 2. Silkworm Rearing. F.A.O. Agric. Serves Bull. Rome, 15(2): 1- 131.

Machida 1929. Varietal differences in nutritive values of mulberry leaves for rearing silkworm. JARQ Japan, 233: 202-208.

Nagalakashmamma, K., Gowda, B.L.V.and Deviah, M.C. 1988. Relationship of pupal weight on fecundity and hatching in eri moth, Samia cynthia ricini Boisduval Abst.. International Congress on tropical sericulture practiced Bangalore, 17(23): 26.

Norris, M.J. 1932. Contribution towards the study of insects fertility I. The structure and operation of the reproductive organ of the Genera Ephestia and Plodia lep. Phycitidae. Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 595 – 611.

Omura, S. 1939. Mechanism of oviposition in the silk moth, Bombyx mori. L. I. stimuli giving rise to the oviposition. J. Seric. Sci., Japan, 10: 49-57.

Pandey, A.K. and Upadhyay, V.B. 2001. Effect of refrigeration of eggs and prerefrigeration period on the fecundity of Bombyx mori L. Lepidoptera. J.Exp. Zool. India, 4(2): 249 – 254.

Ponsby, D.J. and Copland, M.J.W. 1996. Effect of temperature on development and survival in the scale insect predator, Chilocorus nigritus F. Coleoptera: Coccinellidae. Bio-control Sci. and Tech., 6: 101-109.

Rahman, S.M., Khanam, L.A.M. and Ferdous, J. 1990. Effect of various concentrations of ascorbic acid on the oviposition and hatchability of silkworm, Bombyx mori L. Bulletion of Sericultural Research, Bangladesh, 1: 47 – 50.

Rajashekhargouda, R., Goplan, M., Jayra, S. and Natarajan, N. 1997. Feed of pure breeds and single cross hybrids of Bombyx mori L. Entomon, 22(3 – 4): 223 – 227.

Robertson, F.W. 1957. Studies on qualitative inheritance genetics and environmental correlation between body size and egg production in Drosophila melanogaster Dip. J. Genet., 55: 428 – 443.

Sengupta, K., Shaha Kundu, A.K. and Usuf, M.R. 1975. Studies on the effect of refrigeration of blue stage and eggs following incubation at room temperature on incidence of disease of silkworm. Annual Report. C.S.R.S. Berhampore C.S.B. India, 61 – 62.

Siddique, A.A., Debnath, A.K. and Sengupta, K. 1985. Variability and correlation studies of shell weight and their contribution traits in Anthrerea mylitta D. Sericologia, 25(1): 45-50.

Singh, K. 1984. Studies on the techniques of silkworm Bombyx mori seed production suitable for Tarai area of Uttar Pradesh. Ph.D. thesis submitted in the Dept. of Zoology, Gorakhpur University, Gorakhpur.

Singh, Y.R. and Prasad, B. 1987. Correlation among body weight and fecundity in eri silkworm, Philosamia ricini Hutt. Lep. : Saturniidae. Sericologia, 27(1): 49 – 60.

Srivastava, A.D. and Mishra, S.D. 1985. Effect of crowding on fecundity of eri silkworm, Philosamia ricini Hutt., Indian J. Seric., 24(1): 41 – 43.

Tazima, Y. 1978. Silkworm eggs. Scientific Brochure 1. Publicity series published by Central Silk Borad, Bombay, Govt. of India.

Thomas, G. and Dale, D. 1997. Fecundity of mulberry silkworm at various climates. Insect Environment, 3(3): 62 – 63.

Tiburcio, J.B. 1984. Effect of different acid on the hatchability of egg and development of silkworm, Scientific Journal Philippines, 5(2): 16 – 36.

Tripathi, P.N., Singh,T. and Singh, T. 1995. Studies on mating duration and its effect on fecundity and fertility in mulberry silkworm moth Bombyx mori L. Lepidoptera : Bombycidae. Bioved., 6(1): 15 – 18.

Upadhyay, V.B. and Pandey, A.K. 2001a. Effect of refrigeration of eggs and prerefrigeration period on the hatchability of eggs of multivoltine mulberry silkworm Bombyx mori L. Biol. Memoirs, 27(2): 67 – 70.

Upadhyay, V.B. and Pandey, A.K. 2001b. Effect of refrigeration of eggs and prerefrigeration period on the weight and survival of pupae of Bombyx mori L. J. Anim. Morphol. Physiol., 48(1): 11 – 16.

Venkataramn C.V. and Prabhakar, C.J. 1980. Refrigeration studies. Annual Report. C.S.R. and T.I. Mysore, India, 125-127.

Yamaoka, Kageyuki, Hoshino, Masahiro and Hirao Tuneo. 1971. Role of sensory hairs on the anal papillae in oviposition behaviour of Bombyx mori L. J. Insect Physiol., 17(5): 897 – 911.
 

Latest MABJ Issue

Vol 50(1) June 2021

 

Table of content

Latest news!

Malaysian Applied Biology is listed in the databases and indexed in Web of Science Master Journal List, Elsevier, Mycite, Biosis, Zoological Records, UDLedge Life Science Index, CNKI, J-Gate and CABI.

Malaysian Applied Biology is indexed in Scopus since issue 41(1) 2012.

According to Scopus CiteScore 2020, MABJ ranks 165 out of 203 Malaysian journals in terms of yearly impact factor.


Scopus Citescore