Malaysian Applied Biology Journal

  • Increase font size
  • Default font size
  • Decrease font size

35-2-04

E-mail Print PDF
Malays. Appl. Biol. (2006) 35(2): 29–34

EFFECTS OF ARSENIC AND HEAVY METALS POLLUTION ON PLANT SPECIES IN MAMUT RIVER RIPARIAN ZONE, SABAH, MALAYSIA

MOHAMED, F.A., WICKNESWARI, R.1*, LEE, Y.H.2 JAMILI, N.3 and REMI, R.3

1 School of Environmental and Natural Resource Sciences, 2 School of Chemical Sciences & Food Technology, Faculty of Science & Technology, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia.
3 Sabah Parks, Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, Malaysia.

ABSTRACT

The effect of arsenic and heavy metals pollution caused by Mamut Copper Mine discharge on forest structure in Mamut River riparian zone was studied. The vegetation analysis was carried out on six quadrates in Mamut area (polluted) and Kipungit area (control) each. Enumerated plant species in control area were 34 belonging to 25 families while in polluted area were 28 species belonging to 21 families. The average number of plants growing per quadrate in polluted and control areas were 145.5 and 194.1, respectively. Shannon’s diversity index (H’), evenness (E) index and Simpson’s index (D) in control area were 1.957, 0.256 and 0.027 whilst in polluted area were 1.583, 0.207 and 0.014 respectively. H’, D, and E values for Kipungit and Mamut were not significantly different (p< 0.05). Sørensen’s index of similarity between Kipungit and Mamut River areas was 0.774 indicating metal pollution on a limited number of species.


ABSTRAK

Kajian mengenai kesan arsenik dan logam-logam berat yang disebabkan oleh perlepasan buangan daripada Lombong Tembaga Mamut ke atas struktur hutan di sepanjang tebing Sungai Mamut telah dilakukan. Analisis vegetasi terlibat enam kuadrat di kawasan tebing Sungai Mamut yang tercemar dan juga di kawasan Sungai Kipungit iaitu sebagai kawasan kawalan untuk tujuan perbandingan. Bilangan spesies tumbuhan yang telah dikira di kawasan kawalan ialah 34 daripada 25 famili dan di kawasan tercemar ialah sebanyak 28 spesies dalam 21 famili. Bilangan purata tumbuhan per kuadrat yang terdapat di kawasan tercemar dan kawalan ialah masing-masing 145.5 dan 194.1. Indeks kepelbagaian Shannon (H'), indeks keseragaman (E) dan indeks Simpson (D) yang terdapat di kawasan kawalan ialah 1,957, 0.256 dan 0.027 masing-masing sementara di kawasan tercemar ialah 1.583, 0.207 dan 0.014 masing- masing. Nilai-nilai H', D dan E untuk kedua-kedua lokasi kajian adalah tidak berbeza secara bererti (p<0.05). Indeks kesamaan Serensen antara kawasan Kipungit dan Sungai Mamut ialah 0.774 dan ini menunjukkan terdpaat pencemaran logam-logam ke atas beberapa spesies tumbuhan.

Key words: Heavy metal pollution, vegetation analysis, copper mine, Sabah, riparian forest.

REFERRENCES

Abo-Elseoud, M.A. & Abdel-Shafy, H.I. 1994. Environmental Studies of Plants Grown in Soil Polluted with Cobalt and Nickel. Environmental Management and Health 5:16- 21.

Ali, M. F., Heng, L. Y., Ratnam, W., Nais, J. and Ripin, R. 2004 Metal distribution and contamination of the Mamut River, Malaysia, caused by Copper Mine Discharge. Bulletin of Environmental contamination Toxicology 73: 535-542

Azizli, M.K., Yau, T.C. & Birrel, J. 1995. Technical note, design of the Lohan tailing dam, Mamut Copper Mining Sdn. Bhd., Malaysia. Mineral Engineering 8(6): 705-712.

Breulmann, G.B., Markert, B.V., Weckert, V.U., Herpin, U.R., Yoneda, R. & Ogino, K. 2002. Heavy metals in emergent trees and pioneers from tropical forest with special reference to forest fires and local pollution sources in Sarawak, Malaysia. The Science of The Total Environment 283(1-3): 107-115.

Bunn, S.E., Davies, P.M., Kellaway, D.M. & Prosser, I.P. 1998. Influence of invasive macrophytes on channel morphology and hydrology in an open tropical lowland stream, and potential control by riparian shading. Freshwater Biology 39: 171-178.

Geburek, T. 2000. Effects of Environmental Pollution on the Genetics of Forest Trees. in Zhitkovich, A., Young, A., Bosheir, D. & Boyle, T. (eds) Forest Conservation Genetics , Principle and Practice pp. 135-158. UK: CABIO Publishing.

Hernandez, L., Anne Probst, A., Probst, J.L. & Ulrich, E. 2003. Heavy metal distribution in some French forest soils: evidence for atmospheric contamination. The Science of The Total Environment 312(1-3): 195-219.

Khan, A.G. 2001. Relationships Between Chromium Biomagnification Ratio, Accumu- lation Factor, and Mycorrihizae in Plants Growing in Tannery Effluent-polluted Soil. Environment International 26: 417-423.

Lau, O.W. & Luk, S.F. 2001. Leaves of Bauhinia blakeana as indicators of atmospheric pollution in Hong Kong. Atmospheric Environment 35(18): 3113-3120.

Lee, Y.H. & Stuebing R.B. 1990. Heavy metals contamination in the river toad, Bufo juxtasper (Inger) near a copper mine in East Malaysia. Bull. of Environmental Con- tamination & Toxicology 45: 272-279.

Magurran, A.E. 1988. Ecological diversity and its measurement. Princeton University Press. Princeton.

Medina, M., Andrade, S., Faugeron, S., Lagos, N., Mella, D. & Correa, J.A. 2005. Biodiversity of rocky intertidal benthic communities associated with copper mine tailing discharges in northern Chile. Marine Pollution Bulletin 50(4): 396-409.

Murtedza, M. & Lee, Y.H. 1985. Heavy metals in rice field soil of Lohan Valley, Sabah. Sumber 1: 179-187.

Onaindia, M., Dominguez, I., Albizu, I., Garbisu, C. & Amezaga, I. 2004. Vegetation diversity and vertical structure as indicators of forest disturbance. Forest Ecology and Management 195(3): 341-354.

Oosterhoorn, M. & Kappelle, M. 2000. Vegetation structure and composition along an interior-edge-exterior gradient in a Costa Rican montane cloud forest. Forest Ecology and Management 126(3): 291-307.

Potter, K.M., Cubbage, F.W. & Schaberg, R.H. 2005. Multiple-scale landscape predictors of benthic macroinvertebrate community structure in North Carolina. Landscape and Urban Planning 71(2-4): 77-90.

Robert, M.R. & Zhu, L. 2002. Early response of the herbaceous layer to harvesting in a mixed coniferous–deciduous forest in New Brunswick. Canada. Forest Ecology and Management 155(1): 17-31.

Scalley, T.H. & Aide, T.M. 2003. Riparian vegetation and stream condition in a tropical Agriculture-secondary forest mosaic. Eco- logical Society of America 13(1): 225-234.

Shparyk, Y.S. & Parpan, V.I. 2004. Heavy metal pollution and forest health in the Ukrainian Carpathians. Environmental Pollution 130(1): 55-63.

Wohlgemuth, T., Bürgi, M., Scheidegger, C. & Schütz, M. 2002. Dominance reduction of species through disturbance – a proposed management principle for central European forests. Forest Ecology Management 166: 1– 15.
 

Latest MABJ Issue

Vol 50(1) June 2021

 

Table of content

Latest news!

Malaysian Applied Biology is listed in the databases and indexed in Web of Science Master Journal List, Elsevier, Mycite, Biosis, Zoological Records, UDLedge Life Science Index, CNKI, J-Gate and CABI.

Malaysian Applied Biology is indexed in Scopus since issue 41(1) 2012.

According to Scopus CiteScore 2020, MABJ ranks 165 out of 203 Malaysian journals in terms of yearly impact factor.


Scopus Citescore