Malaysian Applied Biology Journal

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Malays. Appl. Biol. 40(2): 1–8



1 Animal Biotechnology-Embryo Laboratory (ABEL), Institute of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Science, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
2 School of Agriculture and Rural Development, Bangladesh Open University, Gazipur-1705, Bangladesh
*Email: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it


Recent advances in reproductive endocrinology and physiology of mammals, molecular biology and genetic engineering have enhanced the expansion of the field of animal reproductive biotechnology. To date, many reproductive techniques have been applied in livestock animals such as cattle, sheep and pigs. Nevertheless, the application of such techniques is still limited in goat. This paper aims to give an introduction to goat farming in Malaysia and some background on the Jermasia goat breed developed by us and our team of researchers at the University of Malaya, Malaysia. A review of the recent developments in the field of reproductive biotechnology in goat, including the various assisted reproductive technologies (ARTs) employed in goat breeding programs such as collection and handling of gametes, estrus control, cryopreservation and manipulation of gametes and embryos, embryo transfer and transgenesis are presented. Finally, the challenges faced and the future direction of reproductive biotechnology in goat in Malaysia is put forward.


Kemajuan terkini dalam endokrinologi reproduktif dan fisiologi mamalia, biologi molekular dan kejuruteraan genetik telah membantu mempertingkatkan selanjutnya perluasan bidang bioteknologi reproduktif haiwan. Sehingga kini, pelbagai teknik reproduktif telahpun digunakan dalam haiwan ternakan seperti lembu, kambing biri-biri dan babi. Namun demikian, penggunaan teknik tersebut masih terhad dalam kambing. Makalah ini bertujuan untuk memberi suatu pengenalan kepada ternakan kambing di Malaysia dan sedikit latar belakang mengenai kambing baka Jermasia yang dimajukan oleh kami dan kumpulan penyelidik kami di Universiti Malaya, Malaysia. Penilaian perkembangan terbaru dalam bidang bioteknologi reproduktif dalam kambing, termasuk pelbagai jenis teknologi bantuan reproduksi (ARTs) yang digunakan dalam program pembiakan kambing seperti pengumpulan dan pengendalian gamet, kawalan estrus, krioawetan dan manipulasi gamet dan embrio, pemindahan embrio dan transgenesis adalah dibentangkan. Akhirnya, cabaran yang dihadapi serta halatuju masa hadapan bioteknologi reproduktif dalam kambing di Malaysia dikemukakan.

Key words: In vitro embryo production, Jermasia goat, reproductive biotechnology


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