Malaysian Applied Biology Journal

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Malays. Appl. Biol. (2014) 43(2): 129-142



1Faculty of Science, Department of Biology, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia.

2Faculty of Earth Science, Universiti Malaysia Kelantan Jeli Campus, Locked Bag No. 100, 17600 Jeli, Kelantan, Malaysia.

3School of Environmental and Natural Resource Sciences, Faculty of Science and Technology, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia.

4Faculty of Agriculture, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia.

*Corresponding author: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it


This study was about the ranging behavior of a group of long-tailed macaques (Macaca fascicularis) that inhabit the area near Kuala Selangor Nature Park, Selangor, Malaysia. The data on the ranging behaviour were collected daily through scan sampling from February to December 2011 on all significant individuals in the focus group. Observations were focusing on the moving distance and usage of canopy level by the study group in the exploiting habitat. They often travelled in the range between 100 and 600 m per day, and the ranging patterns were influenced by the food distribution, sleeping site, predation and territorial factors. The study group seems to use areas that are close to human settlements because of the availability and high distribution of food. The study group does not seem to move far from their home range because they will be returning to the trees along the roadside to sleep. Avoiding predators and territorial factor are the main reasons why they are using the same sleeping sites. The most frequent forest canopy strata used by the study group are the ground level (36.78%), followed by the lower canopy (35.46%), middle canopy (17.93%), upper canopy (7.74%), and the lowest is emergent (2%). Overall, ranging behavior of the study group is not only influenced by food distribution but also by other factors such as avoiding predators and territorial possession at the studied area.

Key words: Long-tailed macaque, Macaca fascicularis, ranging behavior, Kuala Selangor Nature Park, Peninsular Malaysia.


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