Malaysian Applied Biology Journal

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44_3_10

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Malays. Appl. Biol. (2015) 44(3): 49-54


STUDY ON ADSORPTION BEHAVIOR OF ALKALINE PROTEASE ON POLY(ETHER SULFONE) INTEGRATED WITH FISH SCALE HYDROXYAPATITE AS SELF ORGANIZED IN ION EXCHANGE MEMBRANE

JAMALI SUKAIMI1, SOFIAH HAMZAH*, NORA’AINI ALI1 AND MOHD SABRI MOHD GHAZALI2

1School of Ocean Engineering, 2School of Fundamental Science, Universiti Malaysia Terengganu, 21030 Kuala Terengganu, Terengganu, Malaysia

*Email: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

ABSTRACT

This study was performed to investigate the physiochemical effect on the protease adsorption produced by Bacillus sp. using highly specific ion exchange membrane (IExM). Effects of pH solution (adjusted with HCl and NaOH), ionic strength (adjusted by NaCl), and initial concentration on adsorption study were performed by using affinity polyethersulfone (PES) membrane integrated with fish scale hydroxyapatite (FSHAp), FSHAp/PES IExM. At 1.0 M, the maximum adsorption capacity was recorded by 0.229 mg/cm2 in 90 minutes incubation time. The optimum pH was found to be at pH 8 with adsorption capacity of 0.211 mg/cm2 in 90 minutes incubation time. The optimum adsorption capacity with 0.204 mg/cm2 was observed when adsorption study performed with initial concentration at 0.9 mg/ml. Experimental data showed the protease adsorbed higher in alkaline condition compared to acidic solution. Further experiment showed that increase in ionic strength leads to noticeable increase in adsorption capacity which is due to aggregation of enzyme molecules in solution. The adsorption study also showed great adsorption behavior when high initial concentration applied as high number of free enzyme molecule to be adsorbed.

Keywords

FSHAp, PES, IExM, pH, ionic strength, initial concentration, adsorption capacity

 

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